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Sweet pulpy mango (Aam) benefits and nutrients

Sweet pulpy Mango (Aam) its benefits and nutrients.

King of fruit

Known to be the "King of fruits", mango is the national fruit of India. It belongs to the flowering plant of genus mengnifera. Mango is a juicy stone fruit (drupe- A kind of fruit which has outer fleshy layer skin or exocarp and inner pulpy juicy part, mesocarp surround the  endocarp or pit or stone ). Mengnifera indica commonly known as indian mango is native to India and is a species of flowering plant belonging to the family Anacardiaceae. The full grown tree may reach upto 30 metres in height and the circumference of the trunk may grow upto 3.7 metres. It grows in tropical climates. 

Brief history

Mango is native of South Asia, it is beleived to be originated from India. It's origin goes way back to 2000 BCE when native indian started cultivating. Later on it was cultivated and transferred to many parts of the world in 15th as well as 16th century. It is believed that Portuguese explorers brought and introdued mangoes to countries like Africa, Phillipines and Brazil.  Presently mango is cultivated in almost all over the world.

Indian mango

Scientific names and classification

Clade      :Tracheophytes
Clade      :Angiosperms
Clade      :Eudicots
Clade      :Rosids
Order      :Sapindales
Family    :Anacardiaceae
Genus     :Mangifera
Species   :M. indica

Binomial name
Mangifera indica

Nutritional Value

Source from USDA

Per 100 gram serving mango provide 60 kcal of energy, 15 g of carbohydrates, 13.7 grams of sugar, dietary fibres, fats and protien. Vitamin such as Vitamin A, Thiamine (B1), Riboflavin (B2), Niacine (B3), pantothenic acid (B5), Vitamin B6, Folate B9, and Vitamin C, E and K are also known to present in mango. Main ingredient of minerals present in mango are calcium, iron, manganese, phosphorous, potassium, sodium and zinc. 

Health benefits

Mengnifera indica
Ripe mango

Mango is good source of vitamin A, C, E, K, B1, B2, B3, B5, B6 and B9. Vitamin A helps in maintenence of immune system. It is also good of eyes sight. Vitamin B1 thiamine, is essential micronutrient which our body cannot manufacture. It has to consume as suppliment. It is required for metabolism of glucose, amino acids and lipids. Vitamin B2, riboflavin prevents migraines, it is required for cellular respiration. Vitamin E is a fat soluble compounds. It protects cell membranes and it is good for hair and skin. Person who consumed vitamin E on regular basis had lesser incidence of Cardiovascular diseases, cancer and many other deseases. It is known to reduce free radical by donating hydrogen atom. Vitamin C is a powerful natural antioxidant which fights off free radicals. All these benefits are bundled in mango and consumption of mangoes has overall provides all the essential minerals and vitamins including B-complex. Mango fruit is rich in dietary fiber  which is good for digestive system and the five major minerals i,e,. Calcium, phosphorous, potassium, sodium and Magnesium present in mango which is required by the body for proper functioning. 

Culinary used

Delicious cake
Mango flavoured cake

Mango is a juicy fruit sweet in taste, although taste, flavour and texture may vary across the variesties and species. For example, the variety Alphonso, has a soft, pulpy and juicy in texture. Whereas, Tommy Atkins another variety has firmer and fibrous in texture. It is consumed in many ways. It can be consumed raw with salt and chilli, chutneys, pickles, dhals are some of the ways it is eaten. Very popular as side dishes of Bengali cuisine. Mango lassi is popular in southern Asia. Its juice is a summer treat. Amchur (powdered form of dried unripe mango) is used in preparation of many Indian curries. It is used to make juice, smoothies, shakes, ice creams, cakes, pies all over the world. Numerous product of mangoes are available at the store. From raw mangoes to pickle. Mango flavoured candies to soft drinks. 

Mango shake summer treat
Mango shake

Some of the varieties of mangoes are
Name                    Origin
Alice               United States
Almaas           Pakistan
Alphonso       India, Pakistan, Ecuodor, 
                        Egypt, Sudan, US
Amrapali        India, Nepal
Anderson       United States
Angie              Florida, US
AnwarRathore  Multan, Punjab, Pakistan       
Ataulfo            Ecuodor, Maxico
Badami           Karnataka India
Bailey's Marvel  United States
Banganapalli  India
Bennet Alphonso  United States
Beverly            United States
Black & Rose  Kerela, India
Bombay          India, Nepal, US
Brahm Kai Meu   United States
Brooks            Australia, US
Carabou          Philippine Mango
Carrie              United States
Chaunsa          India, Pakistan
Coconut Cream   US
Chok Anan      Pakistan, Bangladesh,
                          India, Thailand.


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